About Iran: Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With 82 million residents, Iran is the world’s 18th most crowded country. (main article is in Wikipedia)

location of Iran in the world map

 Its region covers 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second biggest country in the Middle East and the 17th widest in the world.

Iran is neighbored to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.

Its important spot in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its vicinity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic value.

Tehran is the political and economic capital of Iran, and the largest and most populated city in Western Asia with more than 8.8 million residents in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area.

Iran is property to one of the world’s first born civilizations, starting with the establishment of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE.

It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh millennium BCE, and reached out its territorial height in the sixth century BCE within Cyrus the Great, whose Achaemenid Empire expanded from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, one of the largest empires in history.

The empire dropped to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was pulled away into several Hellenistic regions.

An Iranian rebellion established the Parthian Empire in the third century BCE, which was taken over in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries.